Once T1D has been diagnosed, insulin doses are injected in the body. A blood glucose reader is used to measure glucose levels and the quantity and type of insulin are adjusted accordingly. Other factors need to be considered when administering insulin such as the time of day, physical activity, stress and fatigue levels and food intake.
Several types of insulin and insulin administration exist. Pens, needles and pumps can be used for injections. Physicians will help you choose the most appropriate treatment, by taking into account the number of injections required, the dose and the time of day of injection. Insulin prescriptions by physicians vary from child to child depending on age, weight, life style, specific needs and objectives.