Type 1 diabetes - day-to-day management

Blood sugar monitoring

How should I check my blood sugar?

Blood glucose meters measure the quantity of glucose in the blood. Levels between 4 and 8 mmol/L are considered normal, depending on age, weight, diet, physical activity as well as other factors including stress, emotions, etc.

Generally, for a type 1 diabetic child, levels under 4 indicate low blood glucose (hypoglycemia), whereas levels above 10 indicate high blood glucose (hyperglycemia).

Here are some guides to help you:

Hypoglycemia occurs when the level of sugar in the blood is insufficient for the body to function normally.
Hyperglycemia is an excess of sugar in the blood.
We can know the glycated hemoglobin of a child by blood tests in order to evaluate the blood sugar levels of the last months.
Ketoacidosis is a buildup of ketones in the blood. It is a critical condition that requires an emergency consultation.

An index between 4 and 8 mmol/L is considered normal